Wormholes, Entangled Particles and the Fabric of Space-Time - Science and Nonduality (SAND)

Wormholes, Entangled Particles and the Fabric of Space-Time

Article by
image by Hannes Hummel

One of the goals of modern physics is to unite all the various theories of how the universe works. The latest attempt seeks to tie together entanglement — Einstein’s “spooky particles at a distance” — and the wormholes that bridge two black holes separated by vast distances. Along the way, though, this unification of theories might also reveal how space-time itself depends upon the entanglement of quantum particles.

Both entanglement and wormholes were proposed by Einstein in 1935. But until this recent development, these ideas were thought to be entirely unrelated. According to the physicists who are developing this new connection, however, those ideas are not only related, but are manifestations of the same thing. If this connection holds, it would provide a foundation for space-time itself.

“In other words, the solid and reliable structure of space-time is due to the ghostly features of entanglement,” Juan Maldacena, a physicist at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, N.J., told Quanta Magazine.

Their theory might also address how gravity and quantum mechanics fit together.

The new line of thought encompasses many standard concepts in modern physics, such as the hologram, and some entirely new ideas, like black hole firewalls.

The holographic principle is a fairly-seasoned idea which proposes that information describing the universe requires one less dimension than the actual universe — much like a two-dimensional hologram on a credit card gives the appearance of a three-dimensional object. But this theory also describes how information that falls down a black hole is not lost, but is trapped on the two-dimensional event horizon — the surface of a black hole that marks the point of no return.

If all this information remains on the event horizon, then that leaves the question of what is going on in the interior of a black hole. In 2012 a group of physicists at Santa Barbara proposed that black holes might not even have insides. Instead, a “firewall” located just inside the event horizon would destroy anything trying to pass through.

The firewall concept effectively makes the areas inside and outside the event horizon independent. But Maldacena and Leonard Susskind, who helped develop the new unifying idea, suggest that entangled particles on either side could be connected by a wormhole. In their paper (pdf) describing their idea, the physicists depict this as multiple wormholes leading out of black hole, in something that resembles an octopus.

These wormholes provide a path for entangled particles to leave the inside of the black hole — without having to pass through the event horizon. Right now, this new idea applies only to a special type of wormhole and a special kind of entanglement. But physicists are excited about the implications as they move forward to ever more unified theories.


#77 Regenerative Medicine

Podcast with

Exploring the frontiers of alternative medicine and healing modalities with renowned Cerebral Spiral Fluid expert.

Pixels, Patterns & Perspectives

Video with

Physicist and Author Sky Nelson-Isaacs urges us to see the world differently and consider how pixels and patterns converge to evoke a new perspective.

Time to Support Indigenous Science

Article by

Faced with the profound challenges of a rapidly changing environment, society needs other ways of knowing to illuminate a different way forward

Resonantly Perfect Solar System Found

Article by

Researchers have located "the perfect solar system", forged without the violent collisions that made our own a hotchpotch of different-sized planets

Buddhism and Quantum Mechanics

Article by

Excerpt of an article by 'Art of Life' star

Universal pattern of brain wave frequencies unraveled

Article by

Across mammalian species, brain waves are slower in deep cortical layers

Tesla’s “Free Energy” & Vedic Philosophy

Article by

The Properties of Space Science works best when in harmony with nature

#71 Beyond Algorithms

Podcast with

A conversation mathematician and Berkeley professor on the nature of reality.

Support SAND with a Donation

Science and Nonduality is a nonprofit organization. Your donation goes towards the development of our vision and the growth of our community.
Thank you for your support!